Fractional is a decentralized protocol that enables collective ownership and governance of one or more NFTs. The tokens function as normal ERC20 or ERC1155 tokens which have governance over the NFT that they own.
Fractional NFT Ownership
Through Fractional, it will become easy to buy and own a percentage of an NFT. This allows users who have been previously priced out of certain NFTs or artists (such as Beeple) to be able to buy a piece of their work. Alongside this, fractionalizing an NFT allows for the NFT’s original curator to be able to see some liquidity from their asset without selling the entire piece.
Alongside individual NFTs, users will be able to fractionalize entire collections of NFTs and release them under collection-specific fractional ownership tokens (referred to as fractions). This will allow for users to enjoy learning and participating in NFT ownership through the industry knowledge of accomplished NFT collectors while being able to collect fractions from their curated vaults.
There are several reasons why an NFT owner might want to fractionalize their asset.
- Price Discovery: The asset is extremely valuable and they want help finding price discovery, fractionalizing the item and selling 20% on the market can be a valuable tool to help understand how the market values the NFT.
- Liquidity: Owners have significantly better exit liquidity than if they owned the NFT themselves. This can be achieved through on-chain exchanges such Uniswap.
- Curator Fees: NFT owners who lock up their assets will receive curator fees. These fees are set by the NFT owner, but guided by governance to disallow inordinately high fees. Curator fees are similar to an asset under management fee. Annually, a curator will earn a percentage of the total fraction supply. This unlocks properties for their NFT.
Once a user owns fractions of an NFT, they have the right to vote on the reserve price of the asset. This reserve price is the price in ETH required to be bid by a third party to initiate an auction for the entire NFT. A new fractional ownership token collector’s reserve price defaults to the current reserve price, but can be changed at any time. At the completion of a successful auction, all fraction owners will be able to cash in their fractions for ETH on a pro rata basis. At any point, fractions are normal functioning ERC20 tokens and can be used as such.
How It Works
As an NFT owner, when you come to the Fractional platform you will be able to mint an NFT Vault. This vault then stores your NFT and in exchange it will give you 100% of the fractional ownership tokens. At this point, the NFT owner can do whatever they please with the fractions they have. For example, they can sell them in a Dutch auction, add liquidity to Sushiswap or just give them to friends. Fraction owners maintain collective ownership on the locked up NFT. In the instance a buyer emerges, they can send ETH equal or greater to the reserve price of the asset. This initiates an auction. Upon completion, the auction winner will receive the NFT and fraction owners will be able to claim the ETH paid.
We are actively looking for community members to help structure and build out the Fractional space. There are so many interesting distribution, buyout, and governance possibilities to be build.
Disclaimer: The Fractional Token Company, its officers, team, and community representatives are not registered financial advisors. All opinions shared on Twitter, Discord, or through other public channels are those of the respective individuals alone. Fractions (fractional tokens) are solely intended to increase participant access to collectable, provable ownership of digital art and their respective communities. Fractional does not condone the creation, buying, or selling fractions as a means of investment. The Fractional Token Company is not responsible for how curators choose to market their NFTs. Similarly, The Fractional Token Company does not create, handle, or manage the intermediary platforms, or networks through which fractions can be transferred, sold, or purchased. Publications from Fractional.art are solely for information and entertainment purposes only. Please consult and work directly with tax, legal, financial, and investment professionals before making any fractional creation, transferring, and purchasing decisions.